Installing Windows Vista
Now that you have decided on the version of Vista to use and have verified
compatibility of hardware, it’s time to install. The Windows Vista
installation is more simplified than earlier versions of Windows. This
section covers the steps involved in a “clean” local installation
Step 1. Begin the installation from the DVD-ROM. There
are two methods to perform a clean install of Windows Vista from DVD:
Method 1: Install Windows Vista by running the Setup program
from within the current version of Windows. (This is the recommended
method.) Insert the Windows Vista DVD. The disc most likely autoruns
and you see the setup screen shown in the figure below. Otherwise, just
go to the DVD drive in Windows Explorer and double-click the setup.exe
file to start the installation.
Method 2: Boot the computer from the Windows Vista DVD. This
is necessary if no operating system exists on the computer. If you choose
this option, do the following:
1. Make sure the DVD drive is configured as the first boot device in
the system BIOS.
2. Insert the Windows Vista DVD into the system’s DVD drive. (If
the drive won’t open while in the BIOS, insert the disc immediately
after saving the BIOS.)
3. Save the BIOS and restart the system.
4. The DVD should boot automatically and start the installation, but
if you are prompted to boot from the DVD, press any key. There is only
a small window of time for this, approximately 5 seconds. This prompt
is a protective measure; if you get the prompt, it means that there
is data of some sort on the drive. Startup of the installation might
take a minute; then you see a GUI-based window asking for information.
(There is no text portion.)
Step 2. Input the Language to install, Time and currency
format, and Keyboard or input method. At this time there is also an
option to learn more about the installation by clicking the What to
know before installing windows link. After you input your settings for
step 2, you must click Next, and then on the next screen click Install
Step 3. Enter the Product key and decide whether to
automatically activate Windows (can be delayed up to 30 days).
Step 4. Accept the license terms.
Step 5. Select whether you are doing a custom install,
which includes a clean installation or an upgrade. (Within these steps
we are doing a clean installation.) If you install to a computer with
no operating system, the Upgrade option will be disabled.
Step 6. Select where to install Windows Vista. From
here you can select the drive and administer partitions as you see fit.
The proper disk preparation order when installing any operating system
is to partition the drive, format the partition (or partitions), and
start the installation (copy files). For more information on partitioning
the drive during the installation process, see the next section titled
“Creating Partitions During a Windows Vista Installation.”
If necessary, you can also load third-party drivers for the media (hard
drive) to be installed to by clicking on Load Driver. These might be
drivers for SATA or SCSI controllers, or other special hard disk controllers.
These drivers can come from floppy disk, CD, DVD, or USB flash drive.
Microsoft recommends that before you install, you check if the devices
you want to use are listed at the Windows Vista Compatibility Center:
or at the Windows Logo’d Products List: http://winqual.microsoft.com/HCL/Default.aspx?m=v.
If you click on Load Driver and cannot supply a proper driver for Windows
Vista, or the computer cannot read the media in which the driver is
stored, you need to exit the installation program. When you finish,
click Next, and the system automatically copies files from the DVD,
expands those files, installs features and updates, and completes the
installation. The system might need to restart several times during
this installation process (for example, after it installs updates and
when it completes the installation), but you can let the Vista installation
work its magic until you get to the next step.
Step 7. Select a username, password, and picture.
Step 8. Select a computer name and desktop background.
Step 9. Configure Windows Update to Use Recommended
Settings, Install important Updates Only, or Ask Me Later. For more
information on Windows Update see Chapter
10, “Maintaining Windows.”
Step 10. Set the time zone, time, and date.
Step 11. Set the computer’s location: either
home, work, or public location.
Now it’s time to start Windows. Vista checks the computer’s
performance (which might take a while) and then asks you for your password
(if you opted to use one) before you can access the operating system.
After you have logged on with the proper password, the Welcome Center
window should appear, and you can continue with initial tasks such as
connecting to the Internet or transferring files and settings.